Android Studio is the new IntelliJ IDEA based Android IDE. It succeeds the current Eclipse based IDE.
Android Studio requires Oracle Java 1.6 or later. It won’t work with OpenJDK.
Installing Oracle Java 1.7
These instructions describe how to install Oracle Java using java-common. java-common only works with Java 1.6 or 1.7. It doesn’t work with Java 8.
- Download the latest 1.7 JDK from http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/java/javase/downloads/index.html. To find the tarball follow the links “Previous Releases – Java Archive” -> “Java SE 7” -> “Java SE Development Kit 7u..”. You’ll need the tarball not the RPM, e.g. jdk-7u67-linux-x64.tar.gz. Note: you’ll need an Oracle account to download archive versions of Java (those < Java 8).
- Install java-common
# apt-get install java-common
- Create a deb file using the Java tarball,
$ make-jpkg <downloaded tarball>
- Install the resulting package (your deb file name will likely be different),
# deb -i oracle-j2sdk1.7_1.7.0+update67_amd64.deb
- Update your java links to point at this new Oracle Java package. To find the name of this package take a look in /usr/lib/jvm/. There should be a directory named j2sdk1.7-oracle (or something similar). Use this directory name in a call to update-java-alternatives.
# update-java-alternatives -s j2sdk1.7-oracle
- Test your system is using the correct version of Java using,
$ java -version java version "1.7.0_67" Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment (build 1.7.0_67-b01) Java HotSpot(TM) 64-Bit Server VM (build 24.65-b04, mixed mode)
$ javac -version javac 1.7.0_67
Install the Android SDK Tools
The Android SDK Tools package contains the SDK Manager. You’ll need this to download one or more SDKs.
Download “SDK Tools Only” from https://developer.android.com/sdk/index.html. Extract the downloaded file to your applications directory, e.g. ~/apps/.
Install Android Studio
Download Android Studio from http://developer.android.com/sdk/installing/studio.html.
Unzip the downloaded file to whereever you keep your apps, e.g. ~/apps/.
To start Android Studio run <install dir>/android-studio/bin/studio.sh.
Configure the location of your Android SDK by selecting “Configure” -> “Project Defaults” -> “Project Structure” -> “Android SDK Location”. Enter the directory where you extracted the Android SDK Tools.
I find it useful to create a launcher icon. This way I can launch Android Studio by clicking Alt-F1 and entering the first few characters of the app name. To create a launcher icon from the Welcome splash screen select “Configure” -> “Create Desktop Entry”.